Setiap insan memiliki kekerabatan dalam biduk kebenaran. Masing-masing berhubungan sama dalam asal muasal. Tatkala salah satu dari kita dipagut nyeri nasib, tak mungkin kita akan tetap merasa nyaman. andaikan kau bergeming dan tak mampu rasakan kepedihan orang lain, engkau tak layak menyandang nama manusia. -sheikh sa’adi shirazi

Setiap insan me…

seni dan budaya

Museum Di Tengah Kebun grows with passion

humaniora

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Among the greens: A Ganesha statue welcomes visitors to the Museum di Tengah Kebun (Museum in the Middle of the Garden) in Kemang, South Jakarta. The museum recently won the Museum Awards 2013. JP/Utami Diah Kusumawati

Finding attractive museums in Jakarta is difficult due to their unwelcoming appearance and limited collections. But Museum di Tengah Kebun (Museum in the Middle of a Garden) in South Jakarta is appealing to visitors due to its unique environment and variety of exhibits.

The museum, which recently won the Museum Awards 2013 as the best private museum in town, is built on a 4,200-square plot and the building stands in the middle of a vast garden brimming with local plants. The grounds of the museum, on Jl. Kemang Timur, boast fern, suji, pandan, coconut, palm and other local trees. A number of archeological statues, including a Ganesha from Central Java, welcome visitors to the museum.

According to museum coordinator Mirza Djalil, the museum offers 1,744 exhibits from 63 countries and 21 provinces in Indonesia. The exhibits include valuable archeological artifacts from France, England, China, Japan and Mexico. There is also silverware and ceramics from Asia, Mediterranean antiquities, 19th century furniture and bronze statues from Europe and America.

The museum is divided into 17 rooms with historical names such as Dewi Sri (Goddess Sri), Buddha Thailand, Mari Jepang (Japanese Mari), Kaisar Wilhem (Wilhem Caesar), Cirebon,  Loro Blonyo, Dinasti Ming (Ming Dinasty)  and Singa Garuda (Garuda Lion). Each room represents a particular theme.

“In the Dewi Sri room visitors can find kitchenware utensils from the past,” he said.

Mirza told The Jakarta Post that his uncle, Syahrial Djalil, did not intend to build a museum.

In 1987, Syahrial, who was then running an advertising company, wanted to build a house where he could spend the rest of his. He chose Kemang because at the time the area was like a country village.

“Syahrial thought this place could bring a sense of serenity he coveted,” Mirza said.

Syahrial told architect Timmy Setiawan to build a house that would be suitable to display his archeological interest.

Syahrial’s interest in archeological materials grew well after being acquainted with PK Ojong, one of the co-founders of Kompas daily, who imparted much knowledge about archeology and history.

Mirza said that Syahrial used old materials to create the nuance of antiquity when building the house.

“Syahrial, for example, used 19th century red bricks for the walls and bought ornaments from a women’s prison in Bukit Duri, South Jakarta, to be put on all the doors,” he said, adding that visitors said the ornaments produced an old Batavia feel.

Syahrial filled his house with antique products bought from the flea market on Jl. Surabaya in Central Jakarta.

“At that time, many original old things were sold at the flea market. So, my uncle liked to buy antique pieces there,” Mirza said.

He said his uncle also collected more valuable items from all over Indonesia.

“He even hunted out Indonesian archeological pieces sold at international auction houses,” Mirza said.

“Many items were bought through Christie’s, an internationally renowned auction house,” he said.

Mirza said that Syahrial, who has no children, decided to open the house as a public museum in 2009, when he realized he was too old to continue his collective interests.

“My uncle realized […] he wanted to share his collection with the public and pass on his knowledge to the next generation,” Mirza said, adding that his uncle hoped visitors would be as passionate as he had been.

“He does not over promote the museum but expects those who want to understand history will come here,” said Mirza. (tam)

Home shelter struggles to improve street kids’ changes

humaniora, politik dan hukum

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Making his own bed: Twelve-year-old street singer Nanang is tidying up his bed in the Ciliwung shelter in Manggarai, South Jakarta, before going for work. (JP/Utami Diah Kusumawati)

Twelve-year old Nanang looked quite timid and hid in his 4 square meter room when new people visited him at the Ciliwung home shelter in Manggarai, South Jakarta, on Monday.

He came out from his small room awkwardly after his caretaker, M. Hafidzudien, a social worker from the Jakarta Social Affairs Agency, called him.

“What are you doing, Nanang?” Hafidzudien asked the boy, who answered that he was planning to go to work that evening. The boy said that he preferred working to going to school.

“I get Rp 200,000 [US$21] per day from street singing and taking a car ride (joki) for payment,” he said smiling, adding that by working he could help his parents make a living.

In fact, Nanang is merely one of many street children who refuse to go to school and prefer to work in the street. According to the data from the Jakarta Social Affairs Agency, there were 7,315 street children in Greater Jakarta in 2012. They worked as shoe polishers, street singers, beggars and itinerant traders without ever going to school.

In 2010, the government tried to reduce the number of street children by introducing Child Social Welfare and Joint Enterprise Group programs for both street children and their parents. Under the programs, the government provided financial support for street children’s education and for their parents.

To implement the programs, the government cooperated with non-profit organizations for children’s social welfare and home shelter foundations.

“The government, represented by the agency, provided the financial support for the children and their parents through the organizations and foundations,” Hafidzudien told The Jakarta Post on Monday, adding that each of the children received a savings account worth Rp 1.5 million for schooling per year and 
his/her parents Rp 1 million for doing business.

According to the chairman of the Communication Forum of Jakarta Home Shelters, Agusman, 23 home shelters and seven non-profit organizations took care of 6,818 street children in 2012.

The programs, however, did not run very well as many of the street children preferred to skip school for work, he said.

The director of the Indonesian Street Children Organization, Meriah Tinambunan, said that only four out of 40 street children assisted by the foundation in 1999 had graduated from senior high schools, while the other 36 preferred to work.

“It is very hard to prevent them from going back to the street,” she said.

The problem, she said, was with the parents. Most of them did not want their children to go to school because their income depended on the children.

“By working, the children can earn up to Rp 200,000 per day. So, they order their children to work for them,” she said, adding that the government’s programs, therefore, could not solve their problems.

Meriah said that to make the parents aware of the possibility of improvement of their future welfare, her organization had established a parenting communication forum to educate them on the importance of education for the children and making a change in their paradigm of parenting responsibility.

“We have given them understanding that children are not allowed to work and it is the parents who should go to work,” she said.

Meanwhile, Anwar, the staff member of the Ciliwung home shelter said that many of the street children were not interested to come to his shelter.

“We have difficulties in bringing street children to the home shelter. Only a few of them come to the training that we organize,” he said, adding that the shelter lacked human resources to go to the street children’s houses and to organize training for them.

Hafidzudien, who assisted at the Ciliwung home shelter, agreed on that matter. He acknowledged that his agency provided only a small number of social workers to assist the street children in Jakarta.

“My partner and I take care of 238 street children in areas like Blok M, Mampang, Manggarai and Fatmawati, all in South Jakarta. It is too much, actually,” he said. (tam)

Four arrested in Body Shop customer data phishing

kriminalitas

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Scammers: A police officer shows reporters fake credit cards at the Jakarta Metro Police headquarters on Thursday. Police have arrested four suspected members of an international credit card falsification syndicate and have seized dozens of fake credit cards from them.(Antara/Zabur Karuru)

 

Jakarta Police have recently arrested four people alleged to be involved in a credit card scam of stealing data from the Body Shop cosmetics store, an officer revealed on Thursday.

Special crime deputy chief Adj. Sr. Comr. Herry Santoso said that two of the suspects — married couple SA and ACN— were arrested in Medan, North Sumatra, while FA and KN were arrested in Sidoarjo, East Java. 

“Two banks, Mandiri and BCA, filed report with us in March as they suspected the data of their customers’ credit and debit cards was stolen during transactions in several Body Shop stores in Jakarta,” he said.

The police found that the computer system of the cash registers at the stores was infected by Trojan viruses. The malware was used to steal the data of the cardholders, which was sent to the security crackers whose IP addresses were located in countries such as Germany, France, China and the US.

“The hackers sold the data on international chat forums such as icq.com, topdumpspro.com and dumps777.com. One of the chat forums was accessed by suspects FA and KN,” detective Comr. Roberto Pasaribu told The Jakarta Post.

The two later sold the data to SA and ACN, who printed fake cards with the stolen data. 

The stolen data was also used in Pekanbaru, but the suspect was still at large, said Roberto.

The arrest of SA and ACN led to the police apprehending the suspects in Sidoarjo.

From the four suspects, the police confiscated five laptops, one card encoder device, 75 fake credit cards, three computer printers, one electronic digital capture (EDC) device, one computer modem and cellular phones.

KN said that he found out about the chat forum from his car-race partner, FA, last year. At that time, he was curious about his friend, who was always busy with his laptop. FA told him about a site that he used to buy credit and debit card data and KN decided to join him.

“I made an account in the online chat site ICQ, bought the data numbers and sold them to SA and ACN,” he told the Post.

SA and ACN, he said, bought the credit card data, with prices ranging from Rp 200,000 (US$20.40) to 
Rp 500,000 per number. He also taught them how to create a savings account, use the numbers, create fake credit and debit cards and how to use them for shopping.

Meanwhile, W. Max Charles Taulo from the Indonesian Credit Card Association said that the credit and debit card scams had become an international nuisance.

“International investigators have found international cyber crime syndicates that can access data from MasterCard and Visa card customers,” he said, adding that, therefore, the customers needed to avoid swiping the credit or debit cards in the EDC device more than once in one transaction.

Body Shop’s head of corporate communications for Indonesia, Rika Anggraini, said that the company had prevented further credit and debit card phishing by replacing the infected cash registers in all stores in Jakarta and swiping the cards only in the EDC device. 

The infected cash registers were reportedly found in its stores in Lotte Mart Bintaro, Taman Anggrek shopping mall, Pondok Indah Mall, Kelapa Gading 1, Kelapa Gading 2, Mal Kota Casablanca and Pasaraya Blok M.

“We advised our employees not to swipe the cards twice,” she said, adding that the customers were now safe to hold transactions at the stores. (tam)

 

Tobacco farmers exploiting child labor

humaniora, politik dan hukum

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JP/Jerry Adiguna

The International Labor Organization, Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance and local NGOs want the government and industry to put a stop to child labor.

“It is important that child laborers receive attention because they are often neglected and susceptible to violence from the industries in which they work,” the National chief technical advisor of the PROMOTE project of the International Labor Organization (ILO) in Indonesia, Arum Ratnawati, told The Jakarta Post.

She said ILO estimated that there were almost 2.5 million Indonesian children working who should not be, of which 21 percent were domestic workers, and almost 60 percent in the tobacco industry. Twenty-six percent of total domestic workers are under the age of 18 and 90 percent of them are female mainly from poor village families with low educational levels.

“These children work long hours. Some of them even work up to 12 hours a day, but they get very low wages, or are even unpaid,” she said at “No to Child Labour in Domestic Work” during World Day Against Child Labor on June 12.

ILO is urging the government to set a minimum wage for every child who works as a domestic helper, in line with ILO Convention No. 189 on domestic workers.

The executive director of the Alliance of the Elimination of Child Labor, Achmad Marzuki, said that children who worked as domestic servants were isolated, and could be denied their rights to education, healthcare and contact with their families.

“In most cases that we see, the bosses of the children don’t allow them to attend school to get a proper education. Furthermore, supervisors from migrant worker agencies have difficulties in reaching these children to provide protection,” he said. 

He said that recently his organization and other child action groups among local NGOs had pushed the government to begin deliberating the law on protecting domestic workers, including children. There is no law that protects domestic child workers from exploitation and violence because they work in the informal sector.

Director for the International Tobacco Control Project Mary Assunta Kolandai said that child labor in the tobacco industry was a major problem in Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The activities of children in tobacco farming violate the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, putting the children at a high risk of health threats and commercial exploitation.

“Children in these countries take part in all tobacco farm activities from planting, watering, transplanting, applying fertilizer, weeding and harvesting to post-harvesting of tobacco seedlings and leaves, which exposes them to the hazardous effect of nicotine,” she said.

The children absorb nicotine from contact with wet tobacco leaves, which causes them to suffer green tobacco sickness with symptoms including dizziness, nausea and lethargy. Child workers are reluctant to go to the doctor for such symptoms.

“Most children prefer to buy cigarettes rather than spend their salaries on healthcare,” she said. “What these companies are doing is scandalous. They hire these children to produce cigarettes, which they then sell to them.”

The coordinator of the Total Ban Alliance, Priyo Adi Nugroho, said that in Sampang and Probolinggo, East Java, the children in the tobacco fields worked three to seven hours per day, earning only Rp 15,000 (US$1.51) to Rp 25,000. 

“Most of these children smoke at least six cigarettes a day,” he said.

The chairman of the National Commission for Child Protection (Komnas PA), Arist Merdeka Sirait, said that tobacco companies had violated ILO Convention No. 182 and No. 138 on the minimum age of employment, which prohibits companies from hiring workers under the age of 18.

“I recommended the public say no to child labor and stop buying and using products that involve child labor in production,” he said. (tam)