Election experts have warned that the ongoing transition from paper to electronic identification (e-ID) cards could wreak havoc with poll registration for the 2014 election.
“The government considered using national e-ID cards as the only database for eligible voters but, so far, not all Indonesian citizens have been registered with e-ID cards,“ said Kurniawan Zein, head of research at the Institute of Economic and Social Studies and Development (LP3ES).
He said that based on the voters list data at the Home Ministry, only 134 million out of 184 million potential voters had received e-ID cards. Meanwhile, 50 million voters are still in possession of the old, paper identification cards.
“I think the government needs to renew the DP4 [voters list] data to reduce the potential for identity duplication in the upcoming election,” he said.
Muhammad Jufri, the chairman of the Jakarta Election Supervisory Committee (Bawaslu) echoed the concerns.
He said that during last year’s gubernatorial election, the Jakarta branch of the General Elections Commission (KPU) invalidated 500,000 out of 6 million votes due to irregularities, including the possession of twin identity cards.
“The process of identification via e-ID cards is not complete. Therefore, the e-ID system can’t be used as the latest database for determining eligible voters,” he said, adding that the KPU needed to be more thorough in matching and researching voters who did not have e-ID cards.
A former KPU commissioner, Abdul Azis, said that multiple ID cards could prove a problem for the 2014 general election.
As a solution, Azis proposed that the KPU use the DP4 rather than the provisional voters list (DPS).
Azis said that most duplicate IDs resulted from a regulation requiring people to have local ID cards to purchase land or property.
Meanwhile, Didik Supriyanto, the chairman of the election watchdog of the Association for Elections and Democracy (Perludem), warned that the transition period from paper to electronic IDs could extend into the election year.
“But we also deal with problems regarding people who have no identity cards whatsoever,” he said.
LP3ES suggested that the government should conduct an audit on the e-ID project.
The organization said it was conducting an audit of its own.
“We will audit the voters list in four provinces, namely North Sumatra, Central Java, Maluku and Papua, which have specific characteristics based on their population, administrative support, educational levels and isolated areas,” Zein said.
Zein said that by conducting such an audit on the voters list in those areas, LP3ES expected to be able to help improve the quality of the 2014 election by minimizing the number of unregistered voters and duplications. (tam)